SOME FACTS ABOUT AUSTRALIA
The following information will give you most of the facts about Australia you need to know. WHERE WE LIVE, AND HOW MANY OF US THERE ARE AUSTRALIAN POPULATION BY STATE
The figures below show all persons living in the Australian
States and Territories at census time in 2006. There is also a projected list from the
Bureau of Statistics for the year 2050. THE GEOGRAPHY OF AUSTRALIA
Australia is the earth's largest island and its smallest continent. AUSTRALIAN STATES EXTERNAL TERRITORIES SOME INTERESTING FACTS AND STATISTICS Copyright © 2008 Wilkins Tourist Maps P/L
Website design Wilkins Tourist Maps
They include population, sizes, temperatures, rainfall and dependencies and islands.
If there is anything you think is missing let us know.
A little over 200 years ago Australia was sparsely inhabited by the aboriginal people. In 1788 the first
European settlers arrived in the First Fleet. From that small party we now have a population of around
21 million. The 2006 June census recorded 19.85 million people.
The last population projection by the Australian Bureau of Statistics estimated there were 21,181,000 people in Australia on the 31st December 2007, an increase of 1.6% from the 31st of December 2006.
The population is ageing with an average age of 36.6 years, with 13% aged 65 years and over.
Of all people, 85% were Australian born and of those born elsewhere, 36.2% came from the United Kingdom. New Zealand or Ireland, with the majority of the remainder coming from Italy, Vietnam, Greece, China and Germany. People of aboriginal descent increased by 11% from 410,013 in 1991 to 455,031. Of these, over half, 55.8% were counted in New South Wales and Queensland. In the Northern Territory the indigenous proportion of the population was 23.7%.
The average wage for people 15 years and over was $466.00, up from $375.00 in 2001.
Around 40% of the occupied dwellings in Australia are owned by their occupants with 25.5% being purchased and 28.7% rented.
There are more women (50.5%) than men (49.5%) in all areas except the Northern Territory.
These figures were obtained from a news-sheet issued from the Bureau of Statistics home page. (See Below)
New South Wales
Bureau of Statistics Home Page
The mainland comprises 5 states and 2 territories. The sixth state, Tasmania, is 200 kilometres south of Victoria and separated from the mainland by Bass Strait.
To the east, Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands are governed from Australia, as is the Antarctic holding based around Mawson.
It is the driest inhabited continent on earth with around 1/3rd considered desert (The antarctic is considered the driest continent). It is approximately 3,700 km. long (north to south) and 4,000 kilometres wide.
The mainland section is roughly divided in the east by the Great Dividing Range which lies inland from the eastern seaboard and runs from the Cape York Peninsula in Queensland to Melbourne in Victoria. Included in the range is Australia's highest peak, Mount Kosciusko (2,229 metres) near the New South Wales- Victoria border in the snow capped alpine region of the Great Dividing Range.
West of the dividing range the land is mainly flat with a few low ranges including the Flinders Ranges in South Australia and the MacDonnell Ranges near Alice Springs.
The centre of the continent is mainly desert and sparsely populated. Around 80% of the Australian population lives within the eastern seaboard or the coastal fringes of the continent.
Massive salt lakes, often dry for long periods, will be found in the mid-north of South Australia and these are fed by a large river system which carries water for hundreds of kilometres to fill them. The largest of these, Lake Eyre (9,475 sq km.), was filled this year (1994) for the first time in over a decade. What water does not evaporate from these lakes is fed into the Central Australian Artesian Basin, a vast natural underground series of aquifers from which occasional springs bubble in the most remote desert areas, and from which Alice Springs draws its water supply.
Area (sq km.)
New South Wales
Total Area (sq km.)
Australian Antarctic Territory
Coral Sea Islands Territory
Territory of Heard and MacDonald Islands
Macquarie Island (Administered by Tasmania)
Lord Howe Island (Administered by N.S.W.)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Much of the material on this page has been obtained from AUSLIG, the Australian Surveying and Land Information Group
AUSLIG Home Page
AUSTRALIAN FLORAL EMBLEMS
WHERE WE LIVE, AND HOW MANY OF US THERE ARE
AUSTRALIAN POPULATION BY STATE
The figures below show all persons living in the Australian States and Territories at census time in 2006. There is also a projected list from the Bureau of Statistics for the year 2050.
THE GEOGRAPHY OF AUSTRALIA
Australia is the earth's largest island and its smallest continent. AUSTRALIAN STATES
AUSTRALIAN STATESThe figures below show the area, coastline and border length of all Australian states and the islands off their shores.
EXTERNAL TERRITORIESExternal Territories are those remote from the mainland Australia and governed by it.
SOME INTERESTING FACTS AND STATISTICSSome of the highest, lowest, oddest and interesting facts about Australia.
Copyright © 2008 Wilkins Tourist Maps P/L Website design Wilkins Tourist Maps